Franklin Delano Roosevelt became President of the United States in 1933 during a time of economic crisis. Most people alive today know nothing about FDR except what they have been told by their grandparents or learned in school. It is widely agreed that Roosevelt “saved” this country during the Great Depression and later during World War II. I disagree.
Doing just a little bit of research, it has become quite clear that FDR had a personal agenda which verged dramatically from the course set for America by the Constitution of the United States of America. What was that personal agenda? Rule the country OUTSIDE the confines of the Constitution.
An integral part of Roosevelt’s agenda was the utilization of Executive Orders to implement his New Deal, thereby eliminating some of the major problems with the Constitutional requirement of laws being enacted by Congress . FDR issued a whopping 3,723 executive orders, ranging from Executive Order 6073 – placing an embargo on gold payments and exports and limiting foreign exchange transactions to the extremely controversial Executive Order 9066 authorizing the internment of Japanese American citizens. In between were a plethora of EOs establishing dozens of Offices and Boards. Most of this was in response to the “national emergency” of the Country at the time, ignoring the fact that the ONLY emergency power given to the President by the Constitution is the power to Convene Congress. http://www.conservativeusa.org/eo/default.htm
To support his “authority” FDR cited several Executive Orders implemented by a predecessor and another President who ignored the executive powers given by the Constitution, Abraham Lincoln.
Democratic President Franklin D. Roosevelt…, was presented by his "advisors" with a most clever way for presidents to assume even more dictatorial powers, with the mere labeling of domestic problems as "Wars." In this way, presidents could cite the unconstitutional "war powers," brought into acceptance by Lincoln, in their pretended wars on drugs, poverty, CO2, or any phony excuse used to expand presidential powers. http://www.rense.com/general89/excty.htm
The following timeline shows examples of how FDR chose to ignore Congress and rule by Executive Order:
April 19, 1933 FDR, by presidential proclamation, takes the United States off the gold standard.
August 5, 1933 FDR establishes the National Labor Board
November 8,1933 FDR, by executive order, establishes the Civil Works Administration
Feb. 2, 1934 - By executive order, establishes the Export-Import Bank to encourage commerce between the US and foreign nations.
June 12, 1934 Congress passes Recipocal Trade Agreement Act allowing the President to cut tariffs as much as 50% WITHOUT THE CONSENT OF THE SENATE
Feb. 5, 1937 - Emboldened by his sweeping electoral victory, FDR sends his "Court packing" scheme to Congress.
March 11, 1941 FDR signs Lend-lease Act, empowering him to lend arms and other war material to any country deemed vital.
April 11, 1941, The Office of Price Administration (OPA) is established to control and stabilize prices during wartime
June 25 1941 - Roosevelt establishes the Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC) by executive order
June 28, 1941 - Roosevelt establishes the Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD) by executive order.
Dec 19, 1941 - the Office of Censorship is established by executive order to control all matters involving information deemed vital to the war effort
Jan 12, 1942 - By executive order, FDR creates the War Labor Board (WLB)
Jan 14, 1942, By proclamation, FDR orders all aliens in the United States to register with the federal government
Feb 20, 1941 - FDR formally authorizes a program to remove Japanese-Americans iving in the Pacific Coast states to internment camps
June 13, 1942 - The Office of War Information (OWI) is established by executive order to control the disclosure of official news and propoganda
April 8, 1943, FDR freezes prices, wages and salaries in an effort to stem inflation
May 27, 1943 - By executive order, FDR establishes the Office of War Mobilization to coordinate the nation's efforts at home.
Whether or not you believe that FDR was a great President, it cannot be argued that he abused his power as President by ruling this country through Executive Order. No other President in history has come close and it is likely that none will again.
Watch for the second part in this FDR mini-series - information your school never taught you.
Much of what FDR learned about how to get away with subverting the Constitution, he learned from Abe Lincoln. Read more about him at: